Finland is the most northern country in the European Union. Its neighbours are Sweden and Norway in the west, Russia in the east and Estonia – across the Gulf of Finland – in the south.

The size of the country is 338,432 km². The population is about 5.4 million, of which two thirds live in the urban areas. The capital, Helsinki, lies on the south coast. Around one million people live in the Helsinki metropolitan area. Other bigger cities are Turku, Tampere, Jyväskylä, Kuopio, and Oulu. Over 70 % of Finland’s land area is forests, arable land accounts for 8 % and lakes and rivers 9 %.

The largest sector of the Finnish economy is services at 69,6 %, followed by manufacturing and refining at 27,5 %. Primary production represents 2,8 % of the economy. Finland’s main industrial products are paper and board, electronics and metal products. The engineering and high technology industries have long been the leading branches of manufacturing.

The value of imports in 2013 was € 58.4 billion, of which 57 % came from the EU area. The major import countries outside the European Economic Area were Russia, China, and the United States. In 2013, the value of imports from developing countries was € 8.9 billion, i.e. 15 % of all imports.

Imports from developing countries in 2013

Source: Finnish Customs